LESSON 9: COURT OF THE CONGREGATION

LESSON 9:

COURT OF THE CONGREGATION

MEMORY VERSE

Titus 3:5 -According to his mercy he saved us, by the

washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy

Ghost (KJV).

 

Lesson Text

Exo 27; 1-19; 30: 17 -21; 38: 8

Lev 9:7; Num 28:1-8; Ps 27: 4-8;

Jn10:7 -9; 15:3; Eph 5: 25-27;

Titus 3:5; Heb10:5-10

 

Central Truth

Spiritual cleansing is available to

all who come to God through

Jesus Christ.

 

Focus

To consider the relationship of the

outer court to Israel’s worship of

God and draw near to Him.

Outline

  1. Access to God
  2. Wall of Separation
  3. Way of Access
  4. Forgiveness for Sin
  5. The Place of Sacrifice
  6. The Perfect Sacrifice
  7. Daily Cleansing
  8. Physical Cleansing
  9. Spiritual Cleansing

Learning Objectives

At the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

  1. Recognize that just as there was only one entrance into the

tabernacle, Jesus Christ is the only way to God.

  1. Realize that the sacrifice of the Old Testament pointed to the

sacrifice of Jesus, the Lamb of God.

  1. Know that the bronze bazin speaks of the need for the believers

daily cleansing through God’s Word.

Introducing the Lesson

The bold print on the stain

remover’s container promises it will;

remove more stains than any similar

product. But read the fine print on the

back of the small container: “Certain

stains may be impossible to remove

with any laundry stain remover.”

Sin is a humanly irremovable

stain. The best of cleansers – sincere

effort, religion, personal goodness,

good deeds ~ cannot lift the stain that

sin leaves. Unless an effective

God vividly displayed His desire

for fellowship with His creation

through the tabernacle and the

sacrifices conducted there. The

tabernacle proper – the Holy Place

and the Most Holy Place – clearly

revealed Ged’s desire to commune

with humanity. There the priest

entered and made atonement for the

sins of God’s people.

But before the priest could enter

this precious part of the tabernacle,

sin had to be dealt with. The outer

court provided the means of doing this.

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BIBLE READING

John 10:9. I am the door: by me if any

man enter in, he shall be saved, and

shall go in and out, and find pasture.

Exodus 27:1. And thou shalt make an

altar of shittim wood, five cubits long,

and five cubits broad; the altar shall

be foursquare: and the height

thereof shall be three cubits.

 

  1. And thou shalt make the horns of it

upon the four corners thereof: his

horns shall be of the same: and thou

shalt overlay it with brass.

Leviticus 9:7. And Moses said unto

Aaron, Go unto the altar, and offer

thy sin offering, and thy burnt

offering, and make an atonement for

thyself, and for the people: end offer

the offering of the people, and make

an atonement for them; as the Lord

commanded.

 

 

 

Numbers 28:2. Command the children

of Israel, and say unto them: My

offering, and my bread for my

sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet

savior unto me, shall ye observe to

offer unto me in their due season.

  1. And thou shalt say unto them, This is

the offering made by fire which ye

shall offer unto the Lord; two lambs

of the first year without spat day by

day, for a continual burnt offering.

  1. The one lamb shall thou offer in the

morning, and the other lamb shalt

thou offer at even.

Hebrews 10:9. Then said he, Lo, l come

to do thy will, O God. He taketh away

the first, that he may establish the

second.

  1. By the which will we are sanctified

through the offering of the body of

Jesus Christ once for all.

Exodus 30:18. Thou shalt also make a

laver of brass, and his foot also of

brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt

put it between the tabernacle of the

congregation and the altar, and thou

shalt put water therein.

  1. For Aaron and his sons shall wash

their hands and their feet thereat:

  1. When they go into the tabernacle of

the congregation, they shall wash

with water, that they die not; or when

they come near to the altar to

minister, to burn offering made by

fire unto the Lord.

John 15:3. Now ye are clean through the

word which I have spoken unto you.

Ephesians 5:25. Husbands, love your

wives, even as Christ also loved the

church, and gave himself for it.

  1. That he might sanctity and cleanse it

with the washing of water by the

word.

 

Commentary and Application

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Access to God
  2. Wall of separation

Exodus 27:9-19

The tabernacle was the dwelling

place of a holy God with His people

(Exodus 25:8). But the people of

Israel could not freely enter into His

presence because of their sin.

There was a wall of separation that

kept them from entering the

tabernacle.

The tabernacle was actually two

structures: an inner tent where the

Holy Place and the Holy of Holies

were located and an area surroun-

ding this tent called the “outer court”

or “courtyard” (NIV). it was in this

outer court that sacrifices were made.

The walls of the outer court were

curtains of finely woven linen 7 1/2 feet

high. They hung by silver hooks from

a bar supported by wooden pillars.

These pillars were set in bronze

{brass} bases with silver capitals and

spaced 7 1/2 feet apart (Exodus

27:9,10). The dimensions of the walls

of the court measured 75 by 150 feet.

 

Question: What is the significance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Linen is a type of purity or

righteousness (Revelation 19:8).

Because the tabernacle was the

sanctuary of God, the linen curtain

reminded the people of God’s purity. it

was also a reminder of their need for

purification through the offering of

sacrifices to God (Isaiah 64:6).

 

Within the courtyard, separated

from the people by the curtain, was;

the altar. The altar represents Gods

desire for fellowship with humanity

through the forgiveness of sin. On the

outside stood those who desper-

ately needed that forgiveness. The

linen curtain reminded them of their

separation from God. Their lack of

righteousness prevented them from;

having fellowship with God.

 

 

 

All was not hopeless, however.

On the east side of the tabernacle was

a 30-foot-wide curtained gate of “blue,

and purple, and scarlet, and fine;

twisted linen” (Exodus 27:16).

Many scholars believe the;

colors of this gate symbolize Christ.

The blue represents heaven, the

dwelling place of God. The purple

symbolizes Christ’s royalty. His

suffering for humanity is represented

in scarlet and the linen speaks again

of Christ’s purity. Through an opening

in this curtain the priest and the one

with a sacrifice could enter to make

sacrifices to God.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Way of Access

Psalm 27:4-8; John 1&7-9

While the curtain prevented

anyone from walking into the court of

the tabernacle, God did provide a way

for the people to have fellowship with

Him. And when they entered the

sanctuary of God, they experienced

God’s presence.

David knew the joy of worship-

sing God. In Psalm 27, David

described his intense hunger for

God ‘s presence. The phrase

thing” in verse 4 reveals that the pur-

suit of God ‘s presence was David’s

top priority. The reasons for this

priority are evident in these verses.

David knew in God’s presence he

would find security and safety during

times of trouble verse 5}. As he

continued is faithfully serve God

(verse 6). David could also

experience victory. Trouble would be

replaced with “sacrifices of joy” as he

worshiped God. And as David

remained faithful to God He would

answer David’s prayer (verse 7).

 

David made a firm commitment to

seek God’s face (verse 8). He was

convinced of his need for God’s

presence and intended to seek God

in all of life’s circumstances.

The tabernacle and the sacrifices

offered there provided a way of

access to God for the Children of

Israel. God has also provided a

means for sinful humanity today to

come to Him-Jesus Christ.

Question: -In what ways is Christ

the only access to God?

 

 

 

 

 

In John 10:7, Jesus described

himself as “the door of the sheep.”

While this refers to the opening to a

sheepfold it also brings to mind the

entrance into the tabernacle. Just

as there was only one entrance into

the tabernacle Jesus Christ is the

only way to God. All of the other

means by which men seek God are

useless religious leaders who

point men to anyone other than Christ

are nothing more than “thieves and

robber” (verse 8) Jesus is the door”

(verse 9) he alone provides access

to God.

Sinful humanity does not need to

stay outside of God’s presence. They

may enter through Jesus Christ. By

accepting Christ as their personal

Savior, dinners can experience

salvation and continual fellowship

 

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with God.

2 Forgiveness for Sin

  1. The Place of Sacrifice

Exodus 27:1 -8;

Leviticus 9:7; Num 28:1-8

Inside the courtyard was a

wooden altar overlaid with bronze

(Exodus 27:1,2). This altar was 7‘1/2

feet square and 41/2 feet high.

Halfway up the inside of the altar was

a bronze grate on which the wood and

the sacrifices were laid. On each

corner of the altar was a “horn.” The

blood of the sacrifices was smeared

on these horns.

 

Moses was also instructed to

make bronze utensils to be used

during the sacrifices on the altar and

the two poles with which to carrying

the altar (verses 3-7). He was

required to follow the pattern given to

him by God (verse 8).

 

Question: Why was the altar just

inside the entrance to the

tabernacle?

 

The purpose for the altar is seen

in Leviticus 9:7. The priests offered

sacrifices on the altar, providing an

“atonement “for sins. The Hebrew

word for “atonement “conveys the

idea of pacifying God’s wrath and

providing a covering for sin. Before

the priest could enter the Holy Place,

he had to offer a sacrifice for his sins

and the sins of the people. The way

into God’s presence came through

the blood of bulls and goats.

 

Numbers 28 presents details

concerning the daily sacrifices burned

on the altar. God instructed the priests

to offer two perfect lambs each day –

one in the morning, the other in the

evening (verses 1-4). A grain offering

accompanied these sacrifices.

Together with the lamb both

constituted a “continual burnt

 

offering” (verse 6).

These sacrifices speak of a daily

communion with God. This act of

obedience by the priests and the

people brought pleasure to

God. The phrase “a sweet savior

unto the Lord” signifies God’s

approval of the sacrifice (verse 8).

The sacrifices of the Old

Testament, while pleasing to God,

could not provide forgiveness of sin or

perfection; they only pointed to the

time of Christ. Only through Him can

people receive forgiveness for sins

and eternal salvation.

 

 

  1. The Perfect Sacrifice

Hebrews 10:5-10

Though the sacrifices offered on

the altar atoned for sin, they could not

make the one who offered them

perfect (Hebrews 10:1). The people of

Israel could not enjoy fellow-

ship with God because the sacrifices

could not make their consciences

clear (verse 2). These sacrifices were

simply “an annual reminder of sins”

(verse 3, NlV). They could not provide

what humanity needed most:

the removal of sin and guilt (verse 4).

 

Question: How was Christ’s

sacrifice different from Old

Testament sacrifices?

 

The answer to humanity’s

dilemma came in the form of the

ultimate sacrifice, Jesus Christ.0

Quoting Psalm 40, the writer of

Hebrews showed that Christ came to

do what the Old Testament sacrifices

could not: forgive sin. In dying for our

sins, Jesus fulfilled the will of God

written on the pages of the Old

Testament (Hebrews 10:5-9). By

setting aside the Old Testament’s

sacrificial system through His

obedient sacrifice, Jesus provided

cleansing for all who come to Him

Verse 10).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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reminds us of the sacrifice of

Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God.

Having been sacrificed for our sins on

the cross, He is now risen and offers

sinners complete forgiveness and

cleansing.

 

  1. Daily Cleansing
  2. Physical Cleansing

Exodus 30:17-21; 38:8

The priests ministering in the

tabernacle were no more sinless than

the people they represented before

God. Along with their moral

shortcomings, they also experienced

physical contamination. The journey

to the tabernacle dirtied their feet, and

the handling of sacrifices defiled their

hands. This required a place for

cleansing.

 

God provided for regular

cleansing through the laver, “a bronze

basin” (NlV) located between the altar

of burnt offering and the tabernacle

(Most Holy Place) (Exodus 30:18).

God instructed Aaron and his sons to

wash their hands and feet as they

entered the tabernacle. To neglect

this daily cleansing brought death

(verse 20). Whether ministering at the

altar of burnt offering or within the

tabernacle, God required the

cleansing of those who performed this

ministry.

 

Exodus 38:8 describes the

material used in making the basin.

Mirrors donated by the women of

Israel provided material for the basin’s

construction. Since glass was not

available at this time, these mirrors

were made from polished brass. As

the priest saw his reflection in the

water by looking into the laver, he was

possibly reminded of his imperfec-

tions and his need for cleansing.

 

Question: What does the laver

represent?

 

Just as the altar represented

salvation through the sacrifice of

Christ, the basin speaks of the need

for the believer’s daily cleansing

through God’s Word. Like the priests,

today’s believers experience worldly

defilement even as they minister to

and for the Lord. As believers we must

come daily to the laver, a type of

God’s Word, and be cleansed.

Cleansing also calls for sacrifice

on our part. Drawing near to God

often requires us to give up some part

of our life and the pleasure, we enjoy.

Like the women of the Old Testament,

we must be willing to lay down our

earthly treasure to enjoy the greater

wealth of a holy life.

 

  1. Spiritual Cleansing

John 1 5:3;

Eph 5:25-27; Titus 3:5

As believers, we are constantly

exposed to things that defile us. We

are bombarded with messages and

images that are contrary to the

holiness of God. Even mature

believers are tempted to sin. Because

of the defilement of the world, we

need a place for cleansing each day.

 

Question: Where can the believer

turn for daily cleansing?

 

The New Testament points us to

two sources of cleansing: The Word of

God and the Holy Spirit.

Jesus assured His followers of

cleansing through His Word (John

15:3). The disciples had received His

word and were made clean when they

believed on Him. When we believe in

Him, we will also experience

cleansing through His Word.

 

In his teaching concerning

marriage, Paul revealed Jesus’

design for His Church: “that he might

sanctify and cleanse it with the

washing of water by the word”

(Ephesians 5:26).

 

Question: How can the Bible

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Bible God’s Word, His

revelation of himself to humanity. The

Word provides us with. God’s

commands principles for life, and a

greater understanding of His

character. When we read the Bible,

we learn how God wants us to live.

This renewing of our mind by the

Word (Colossians 3: 10) sanctifies us

and helps us serve God faithfully.

 

Through the cleansing of the

Word we will be presented to God

unstained and holy (Ephesians 5:27}.

Our daily walk with Gad and His

sanctifying work in us prepares us for

the day when we will stand before

God.

 

Paul further describes our

spiritual cleansing in Titus 3:5. The

salvation process is like the “washing

of regeneration, and renewing of the

Holy Ghost.” Some believe the

washing refers to water baptism and

the renewal to the baptism in the Holy

Spirit. Others believe this phrase

refers to the regeneration and

renewal that they say takes

place at water baptism. But it is

probably best to see this phrase as a

metaphor of the spiritual cleansing

that takes place at salvation.

 

 

 

Discipleship in Action

While we do not live under the old covenant,

there are some things we can team by studying the

tabernacle and its rituals, tier she thing, the

tabernacle represents God’s presence and His

desire to have fellowship with His creation.

Some people realize their need of salvation,

but think they can never be good enough to be

saved. In the tabernacle, though, the altar came

before the laver. We cannot make ourselves clean

enough to be saved. We have to come to the place

of sacrifice ~ the Cross – before we can experience

true salvation.

Others may try to flee e relationship with God

through good works, religious tradition, or some

other means. But there was only one way into the

tabernacle – the multi-colored curtain that

represents Christ. God has provided access into

His presence only through His Son.

Perhaps you have never accepted Christ as

your Saviour. Ask Him forgive your sins. Then

you will experience the joy and peace of knowing

Christ.

 

 

Ministry in Action

Studying about the

court of the tabernacle

and the activities that took

place there provides you

with a good opportunity to

explain the gospel to any

unsaved students in your

class. Perhaps some of

these students are

wondering if they can be

saved. Others may have

tried various methods to

find salvation and realize

they are still sinners. They

are open to the truth of the

gospel.

Be sensitive to the Holy

Spirit as you conclude

today’s lesson. Give the

unsaved an opportunity to

receive Christ as Savior.

 

 

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

 

Rebellion of Korah

Reminder of Judgement

Praise God in His Court

Cleansing ln The Temple Court

Rejoicing in The Temple Courts

Preaching in The Temple Courts

 

Numbers 16:1-12

Numbers 16:28-40

Psalm 100:1-5

Matthew 21:12-16

Acts 3:11-10

Acts 5:12-21

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